WAEC 2017/2018 Government (Obj & Essay) Answers – May/June Expo


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SECTION A ANS (3)
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1a)
legitimate government is a government generally acknowledged as being in control of a nation and deserving formal recognition, which is symbolized by the exchange of diplomats between that government and the governments of other countries.

1b)
i)good leadership
ii)good government
iii)free and fair periodic
iv)spread political participation
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2a)
Rights can be defined as those inalienable (natural) rights and privileges enjoyed by the citizens of a given state, which are usually stated in the constitution of the country

2b)
i)the level of economic and social conditions of people also affects the enjoyment of the right
ii)the breach by a person as adjudge by a court of law may restrict the right and liberties
iii)if the health of an individual will threaten the whole society he may be restricted to an area(hospital)
iv)person with disabilities may be confired for their own advantage and the good society
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3a)
DE JURE ONE-PARTY SYSTEM: only one political party is legally and constitutionally allowed to operate.
While DE FACTO ONE-PARTY SYSTEM: It exists where there is no legal or constitutional prohibition on other parties to exist rather the competing political parties are gradually eliminated from functioning through the electoral processes.

3b)
i)Ensures a peaceful change of power: An advantage of a multi-party system is that it allows for a peaceful change of government.
ii)It Caters for the minority: Since there are so many parties are formed in a multi-party system, the chances are that many parties would exist to choose from.
iii)It Allows for opposition: Another advantage of the operation of a multi-party system is that it allows opposition parties to exist.
iv)The existence of many political parties allows for people to join those parties and as they do so they engage in political activism, thereby allowing the scope of political participation is enlarged.
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4a)
simple Majority system is a system of voting requirement of more than half of all ballots cast

4b)
i)Representatives can get elected with small amounts of public support, as the size of the winning margin is irrelevant:
ii)It encourages tactical voting, as voters often vote not for the candidate they most prefer, but against the candidate they most dislike.
iii)It is regarded as wasteful, as votes cast in a constituency for losing candidates, or for the winning candidate above the level they need to win that seat, count for nothing.
iv)It can severely restrict voter choice. Parties are not homogenous and do not speak with one unified voice. Parties are more coalitions of many different viewpoints.
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5)
i)provision of capital.
ii)employment of qualified personnel
iii)improved conditions of service
iv)political autonomy
v)probity and accountabily
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SECTION B ANS (2) ONLY
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6)
i)they checked the excess of the king makers In the area of dethronement of an oba.
ii)they perform rituals on behalf of the kingdom
iii)they mediated between the oba and the kingmakers whenever there was a disagreement.
iv)they serve as link between the people and the ancestors
v)the society possess some judicial powers and was involved in policy making.
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7a)
Crown Colony can be described as the system of administration that was adopted by the British in the administration of their overseas territories.

7b)
i)Approval of new constitutions: For a new constitution to be drafted and implemented in the colonies, the secretary of state m!ust have given his approval.
ii)Received petitions: The Secretary of State received the complaints and petitions from the local people.
iii)Supervision of Governors; It was the duty of the Secretary of State to supervise the work of the Governors who resided in the British colonies.
iv)Approval of annual budget; The budgets for the colonies were prepared by the Executive Councils of the colonies, but before the budget could be implemented, it had to be approved by the Secretary of State for the colonies.
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8)
i)herbert macaulary was the father of nationalism due to his various contribution to the establishment of the first political part- NNDD
ii)he also established the first newspaper which helps to disseminate information of the political party there by fastering political development
iii)he plays a pirotal role in the eventual indenpendence of nigeria through his struggle and deactivities for political liberation
iv)he founded the first nationalist political party that called for independence – NCNC and the first secretary was nnamdi azikwe
v)he laid the foundation for political framewwork that attaimed nigeria independence
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9a)
foreign policy Plan of action adopted by one nation in regards to its diplomatic dealings with other countries. Foreign policies are established as a systematic way to deal with issues that may arise with other countries.

9b)
i)Size: In the first place the size of a state’s territory as well as it’s population greatly influences its foreign policy.
ii)Geography: The geography of a country, including its fertility, climate, location in relation to their land masses, and water-ways etc. also influence the country’s foreign policy.
iii)Culture and History: The cultural and historical traditions of a country also deeply influence the foreign policy.
iv)Economic Development: The stage of economic development which a country has attained also has its impact on its foreign policy.
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10i)
nigera played a central role in ecowas efforts to end the civil war in liberia

10ii)
nigeria has taken lead in articulating the veiws of developing nations on the need for modification of the existing international economic order

10iii)
nigeria contributed bulk of ECOWAS peacekeeping forces

10iv)
nigeria also founded regional cooperative efforts in west africa functioning as a standard bearor for ECOMOG and ECOWAS economic and military

10v)
nigeria played a role financially to the smooth organization of ECOWAS
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